Trace your family tree - Australian and English family trees
1. William1 Douglass, born 1757 in Lincolnshire, England ; christened 1763; died 1838; buried in Pitt Town, NSW, Australia, son of John Douglass and Johanna (Jonas). He married Mary Groves on 1 Jun 1788 at St Phillips, Sydney, NSW, Australia NSW.
Notes for William Douglass
William was convicted at Lincolnshire Assizes in July 1785 "for picking the pocket of John Brown of a silver watch, at Horncastle". He was sentenced to transportation for seven years and departed England on the Alexander.
Sometime after Mary and William were married they moved to Pitt
Town. They remained here until Mary's death, when William moved in
with his daughter Elizabeth's family, also at Pitt Town. When
Elizabeth's husband, Daniel, died Elizabeth and her father moved in
with William's son John at Macdonald Valley, Hawkesbury area..
William's occupation was listed as butcher.
William is buried at St Albans as William Douglass Jurd.
Notes for Mary Groves
Born 1767 Lincolnshire, England. Died at Pitt Town. She was convicted of theft at Lincoln in 1785 and arrived on the Prince of Wales ( First Fleet).
Children of William Douglass and Mary Groves were as follows:
+ 2 i Elizabeth
3 ii John2 Douglass, born 1793; died 1798.
4 iii Joseph2 Douglass, born 1796; died 1796.
2. Elizabeth2 Douglass (William1), born 1796 in Pitt Town, NSW, Australia; died 1877 in Pitt Town; buried at St Albans, NSW, Australia. She married in 1812 Daniel James Jurd, born 1780 in England London; died 1833; buried in Australia NSW Pitt Town, son of Richard Jurd and Elizabeth (---).
Notes for Daniel James Jurd
Daniel Jurd - June 1780, London - 1833, Pitt Town. Buried
at St James, Pitt Town. Parents: Richard and
Elizabeth. Occupation chimney sweep. Description: 4 feet 11 1/2
inches, complexion fair, brown hair, hazel eyes. Daniel was
convicted in January 1798 of stealing two pieces of bacon from a
shop. He arrived in Australia on the Perseus.
The following is an extract from the court report from the Criminal Register - January Sessions 1798 - Middlesex - Case 132:
"DANIEL JUDD and SAMUEL FRENCH were indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 30th of December, 20lbs. of bacon, value 7s. the property of John Chandler. THOMAS TYRRELL sworn. - I live at No. 10 Lower Street, Illington, with Mr. Stifford, an apothecary, very near Mr. Chandler's: On Saturday, the 30th of December, I saw the prisoners between seven and eight at night, lurking about in Crofs Street, Illington, peeping in at every window, and looking down several areas, I suspected them, and watched them, I saw them go into a chandler's shop, in Upper Street, I watched them from there to Mr. Chandler's which is a few doors farther in the same street, there was a woman in the shop, and they kept walking backwards and forwards, till the woman came out, then Judd went up to the door, Mrs. Chandler was in the shop, and he came away again, he went up several times, and came away, at last Mrs. Chandler went into the backroom, Judd went up to the door, and went into the shop, the other stood on the steps; Judd then brought something out and gave to French, who went across the road with it; I followed him, and caught him near the top of Crofs Street; I brought him back with the bacon.
Q. Did you watch them so near as to be certain to the person of Judd?
ROBERT HUDSON sworn. - I have a stable in Crofs Street, Illington: I saw there two boys standing by Mr. Chandler's window, I suspected them, I went into the Church yard and watched them; I had not stood there above five or six minutes before I saw Judd go up the steps, once or twice, and return again; at last he opened the door and went in, he brought something out and gave to the other boy, he held his apron up, and ran away with it, across the road; I was going to run after him, when the last witness popped out of a court between him and me, he went after French, and Judd seeing that, went to turn about to run away, and came directly into my arms, (produces the bacon); I have had it ever since.
JOHN CHANDLER sworn. - I am a cheesemonger, the corner of Mitre court, Upper Street, Illington: I was not at home when the bacon was stole; I had such bacon as this, but it is a hard thing to swear to.
Judd's defence. I was coming home from coal work, I know nothing at all of it.
French's defence. I picked the bacon up in the road, and this gentleman came and laid hold of me.
Judd, GUILTY (Aged 16)
French, GUILTY (Aged 17)
Transported for seven years.
Tried by the First Middlesex Jury, before Mr F Aice LAWRENCE."
After being convicted he was delivered at Portsmouth on 10 February 1799. The time which elapsed between conviction and delivery was spent living on a "hulk", and working locally.
Of the five convict ships to reach Port Jackson in 1802, the "Coromandel" and the "Perseus", both owned by Reeve and Green, sailed from Spithead, England, on 12 February, 1802.
The older and smaller "Perseus" (she was 364 tons) had been built at Stockton in 1789, was incapable of making a direct passage and was 173 days out when she reached Port Jackson, having touched at both Rio and the Cap en route. The "Perseus" was captained by John Davison, and her surgeon was W.S. Fielding. She embarked with 113 prisoners, relanded one, and having no fatalities during the voyage, reached Port Jackson with 112 male convicts. (Source: "The Convict Ships 1787 - 1868", Charles Bateson.)
Other transports were not so lucky! The "Hillsborough" of 1799, later to be known as the "fever ship", lost 95 of her 300 prisoners due to typhoid fever, carried aboard from the hulks at Portsmouth.
Some firms whose vessels carried slaves to America, and soldiers to Europe, competed to carry convicts to New South Wales and in time, to convey free immigrants. It took the transports 821 voyages to bring the convicts from Britain to Australia. As ships got faster and larger the average length of the trip dropped from 258 days in 1787-88 to 89 days in 1867-68, and the average number of convicts each ship carried rose from 126 to 280. Beneath the hatches, and grating, crammed in poorly ventilated holds which reeked of excrement and bilge-water, the felons suffered many privations.
When Daniel arrived in Port Jackson, on 4 August 1802 the colony had been established only 14 years. Times had indeed been very hard, with the infant colony several times on the brink of starvation. Ships continued to arrive in succession bringing convicts and from 1793 onwards some free settlers began to arrive.
The populace had settled around the cove, and at Parramatta. Farms had been started, and crops grown. As the majority of the convicts were city dwellers, their knowledge of farming was limited, and progress had been slow, coupled with the ravages of droughts and floods.
From 1802 until his marriage at St. Matthews Windsor in 1812, little is known of Daniel's life, although it is probable that he was "assigned" to farm work. His sentence expired in 1805 and after that time he took up the occupation of a tenant farmer. In 1806 the census notes "Daniel Jurde" of the Perseus as renting 7 acres from J Bootle. (John Bootle, besides being a landlord of several properties, farmed land near the Hawkesbury. He arrived in the colony in 1790 aboard the Neptune, after having been sentenced at Somerset in1787 to 14 years transportation. The 1806 Muster has him as married with no children. By 1822 he had five children. He died at Pitt Town in 1830.)
He married on 28 September 1812 Elizabeth Douglass, she being then 16 years of age, and Daniel, 32. Witnesses were John and Isabelle Suddis, Matthew Hughes (schoolteacher). Daniel being illiterate signed with his mark thus - "X".
"Daniel Jurd, of this Parish and Elizabeth Douglass, of this Parish were married by banns this twenty eighth day of September in the year One thousand eight hundred and twelve by me Robt Cartwright. This marriage was solemized between us Daniel Jurd X his mark Elizabeth Douglass X her mark In the presence of John Luddifs (sic) Isabella Juddifs (sic) Mathew Hughes."
During the next nineteen years, whilst farming at Pitt Town, on the Hawkesbury River, Daniel and Elizabeth became parents of 9 children, 6 sons and 3 daughters, thus establishing the permanency of the Jurd name. As was common in those days, the children's names were predictable, and bore significance to earlier family members:
John - Daniel's brother
James - Elizabeth's younger brother
Richard - Daniel's father
Mary Ann - Elizabeth's mother
Daniel - himself
Elizabeth - herself
Sarah - Daniel's sister
William - Elizabeth's father
Joseph - Elizabeth's twin brother
Life was not easy, and the early settlers were faced with the herculean task of fashioning a home with primitive tools in virgin bush, untrodden by white man.
The 1822 General Muster records Daniel as living at Windsor with his wife Elizabeth and five children. However two of the children are recorded as belonging to another family. As Elizabeth's mother, Mary had died in 1810, it is possible that the two children were Elizabeth's younger siblings. The three other children would of course have been John, James and Richard.
The Land and Stock Muster records Daniel as farming 20 acres which was partially leased and granted. He is recorded as farming 8 acres of wheat, 6 acres of maize, 2 acres of oats and half an acre potatoes. All twenty acres are recorded as having been cleared. He also owned two horses, one cow and fourteen pigs. At that time there were also two convicts working on Daniel's farm: James, Burgoyne and Joseph Bush, both serving life sentences. They arrived aboard the Agamemnon on 22 September 1820.
In looking through the "Sydney Gazette", we find that on the 11 November 1826, the following advertisement appeared:
"Strayed or stolen from the Pitt Town Run, a light bay colt, raising four years old with a white spot on one of his hind legs, on the fetlock joint. Any person restoring the same to the undersigned, if strayed six dollars reward, and if stolen, and the offender or offenders prosecuted, a reward of forty dollars will be given.
Daniel Jurd. Pitt Town."
On 17 August 1833 Daniel died, leaving Elizabeth with 9 children whose ages ranged from 19 to the baby Joseph aged seven months. Daniel's cause of death is not known, as no death certificate can be obtained, registration was not compulsory till 1856. He was layed to rest in the Church of England semetery of St James, Pitt Town, where his head stone can still be seen, and is readily decipherable.
[Source: Notes by Jeanette Bell]
Daniel had been 'promised' land in the Upper Macdonald, but did not enter upon it himself. When he died in Pitt Town he left the farm to his wife Elizabeth in a life tenancy, the Macdonald land being farmed by her elder son John. When John moved into the Valley his mother Elizabeth Jurd came also, bringing also her aged and widowed father William Douglasss, who had been living with them at Pitt Town.
[Source: Pg 97 "The Forgotten Valley" by M. Hutton Neve]
Children of Elizabeth Douglass and Daniel James Jurd were as follows:
+ 5 i Daniel
+ 6 ii Richard3 Jurd, born 1817 in St Albans; died 1856 in St Albans. He married Johanna Sheehy.
7 iii William3 Jurd, born 1829; died 1856. Notes: typhus.
8 iv Mary Ann3 Jurd. She married Henry Walker.
+ 9 v Elizabeth3 Jurd, died 1856. She married unknown.
10 vi John3 Jurd, born 1814 in Australia NSW Pitt Town; died 1904 in St Albans. He married in Mary? Fleming 1834 in Lower Hawkesbury, NSW. Notes: Although only 15 years of age, John was already farming his own land, in 1828, as recorded in the Census. He had 45 acres, 13 of this being cleared and cultivated, and he possessed one horse and 22 cows. After his father's death, his mother and grandfather moved onto the property to be with him.
11 vii James3 Jurd, born 1815 in St Albans; died 1891 in St Albans.
5. Daniel3 Jurd (Elizabeth2 Douglass, William1), born 1822. He married Elizabeth Bailey in 1844 in Colo River. NSW.
Children of Daniel Jurd and Elizabeth Bailey were as follows:
12 i Amelia
6. Richard3 Jurd (Elizabeth2 Douglass, William1), born 1817 in St Albans; died 1856 in St Albans. In 1839 he married Johanna Sheehy, born 1822, daughter of Roger Sheehy and Ann (---).
Notes for Richard Jurd
Richard was licensee of the Settlers Arms at St Albans, at the time of his death. His wife Johanna continued on there until the 1870's. She went on to Moree with four of her sons. The hotel was then passed on to her daughter-in-law Emma Lavinia. The Jurd family held the licensee of the Settlers Arms for ninety years.
Children of Richard Jurd and Johanna Sheehy were as follows:
+ 13 i John Daniel
9. Elizabeth3 Jurd (Elizabeth2 Douglass, William1), died 1856. She married unknown.
Notes for Elizabeth Jurd
Died 2 days after giving birth to Joseph.
Children of Elizabeth Jurd were as follows:
14 i Joseph
13. John Daniel4 Jurd (Richard3, Elizabeth2 Douglass, William1), born 1841 in MacDonald River; died 1902 in Moree. In 1870 at St Albans, he married Jane Eliza Izzard, born 1843 in Wilberforce, NSW, daughter of Edward Izzard and Sarah Euphram Graham.
Children of John Daniel Jurd and Jane Eliza Izzard were as follows:
15 i Ann
+ 16 ii Johanna Annie5 Jurd, born 1870 in MacDonald River. She married David Buchan.
+ 17 iii Edwin5 Jurd, born 1872 in Berrigal Creek Station. Moree, NSW; died 1938 in Terry Hie Hie, Moree. He married Edith Emily R Reynolds.
+ 18 iv Richard Roger5 Jurd, born 1875 in Australia Berrigal Creek Station; died 1960 in Sydney. He married Elizabeth Regan.
+ 19 v Joseph Herbert5 Jurd, born 1877 in Berrigal Creek Station; died 1920 in Moree. He married (1) Elsie M Harwood; (2) Olive M Byrne.
20 vi Jane Lenore5 Jurd, born 1879 in Moree.
21 vii Ernest James5 Jurd, born 1882 in Moree Berrigal Creek Station; died 1934 in Moree. He married Agnes M? Hickey in 1909 in Inverell, NSW. Notes: hotel keeper, grazier died of heart disease.
22 viii Clara Agnes5 Jurd, born 1884.
23 ix Ethel Margaret5 Jurd, born 1887 in Berrigal Creek Station; died 1942 in Auburn, NSW.
24 x Jessie Annie5 Jurd, born 1890 in Australia NSW Moree Berrigal Creek Stn. She married in 1919 in Sydney Henry? O'Brien.
16. Johanna Annie5 Jurd (John Daniel4, Richard3, Elizabeth2 Douglass, William1), born 1870 in Australia NSW MacDonald River. She married in 1898 in Australia NSW Sydney David Buchan.
Children of Johanna Annie Jurd and David Buchan were as follows:
+ 25 i David John
17. Edwin5 Jurd (John Daniel4, Richard3, Elizabeth2 Douglass, William1), born 1872 in Australia NSW Moree Berrigal Creek Stn; died 1938 in Australia NSW Moree Terry Hie Hie. He married in 1897 in Australia NSW Moree Edith Emily R Reynolds, born 1871 in Australia NSW Moree; died 1956 in Australia NSW Moree, daughter of John Reynolds.
Children of Edwin Jurd and Edith Emily R Reynolds were as follows:
+ 26 i Leo Edgar
18. Richard Roger5 Jurd (John Daniel4, Richard3, Elizabeth2 Douglass, William1), born 1875 in Australia NSW Moree Berrigal Creek Stn; died 1960 in Australia NSW Sydney. He married in 1895 in Australia NSW Moree Berrigal Creek Stn Elizabeth Regan.
Children of Richard Roger Jurd and Elizabeth Regan were as follows:
27 i Lenore Eileen
19. Joseph Herbert5 Jurd (John Daniel4, Richard3, Elizabeth2 Douglass, William1), born 1877 in Berrigal Creek Station, Moree ; died 1920 in Moree. He married (1) in 1909 in Moree ,Elsie M Harwood, born 1888 in Tamworth, daughter of William P Harwood and Louisa A (---); (2) in 1905 in Moree Olive M Byrne, born 1886 in Narrabri; died 1908, daughter of Patrick J Byrne and Jane (---).
Children of Joseph Herbert Jurd and Elsie M Harwood were as follows:
28 i Mavis G
29 ii Walter W6 Jurd, born 1911 in Gunnedah, NSW.
30 iii Gwendolen Ann6 Jurd, born 1914 in Moree.
31 iv Sydney Joseph6 Jurd, born 1918 in Moree.
25. David John6 Buchan (Johanna Annie5 Jurd, John Daniel4, Richard3, Elizabeth2 Douglass, William1), born 1901 in Moree. He married in 1922 in Sydney Dorothy Lyall Elizabeth Wilkie, born 1901 in Sydney, daughter of Alexander F Wilkie and Anna H.
Children of David John Buchan and Dorothy Lyall Elizabeth Wilkie were as follows:
32 i Edward Thomas
26. Leo Edgar6 Jurd (Edwin5, John Daniel4, Richard3, Elizabeth2 Douglass, William1), born 1897 in Moree; died 1953. He married in 1926 in Sydney Amy Lavinia Markham, born 1904 in Moree; died 1990 in Moree, daughter of Ernest A Markham and Julia A Ellis.
Children of Leo Edgar Jurd and Amy Lavinia Markham were as follows:
33 i Edwin Leo